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Unsteady Numerical Simulation of the Flow in a Direct Transfer Pre-Swirl System

[+] Author Affiliations
Fabio Ciampoli, Nicholas J. Hills, John W. Chew

University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, UK

Timothy Scanlon

Rolls-Royce plc, Derby, UK

Paper No. GT2008-51198, pp. 1647-1655; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2008-51198
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2008: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Berlin, Germany, June 9–13, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4314-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3824-2
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME and Rolls Royce plc

abstract

Results of fully unsteady numerical simulations of the flow in a direct transfer pre-swirl system are presented and compared with previously published experimental data from an aero-engine representative rig. The conditions considered include those where strong unsteady effects were observed experimentally. Two different rig builds are considered, with the main difference being in the design of the pre-swirl nozzles. The agreement between calculation and experiment is very good in terms of nozzle and receiver hole discharge coefficients and in identifying significant unsteady effects at certain conditions. Predicted cooling air delivery temperatures are lower than those measured. This may be due to heat transfer and other effects in the rig which have not been modelled. Present unsteady results also show agreement, where appropriate, with earlier steady CFD and an elementary model. Both calculations and measurements show similar performance in terms of delivery temperature for the two different builds studied, despite significant difference in pre-swirl nozzle discharge coefficients for the two builds. The calculations indicate that this is associated with the nozzle velocity coefficient being considerably higher than the discharge coefficient in one case.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME and Rolls Royce plc

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