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A Rim Seal Orifice Model With 2 Cds and Effects of Swirl in Seals

[+] Author Affiliations
Bruce V. Johnson

Infotech Aerospace Services, Manchester, CT

Cheng-Zhang Wang

Pratt and Whitney, East Hartford, CT

Ramendra P. Roy

Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ

Paper No. GT2008-50650, pp. 1531-1541; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2008-50650
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2008: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Berlin, Germany, June 9–13, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4314-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3824-2
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME

abstract

Rim seal ingestion models for gas turbines are formulated to estimate the amount of hot fluid ingested through “clearance” seals into the disk cavity. Previous numerical and experimental studies showed the complex time-dependent, three-dimensional characteristics of the flow through the seals and in the outer region of the disk cavity. The present model is developed for estimating ingress and egress flow through the seal that is driven by the azimuthal variation in gas path pressure near the vane and blade platforms. Most published rim seal orifice models have used one “lumped parameter” Cd for both ingress and egress across the seal. However, the flow path from the gas path through the seal is often more convoluted than the flow returning to the gas path. The present Rim Seal Orifice Model includes (i) a Cd value for ingress from the gas path into the disk cavity, (ii) a Cd value for egress from the disk cavity to the gas path and (iii) an estimate for effects of swirl from the seal outer radius to the inner radius of the seal mixing region. The use of two Cd values provides two parameters for characterizing the flow through the seal. The ingress and egress Cd values for a turbine rim seal configuration and flow condition are estimated by comparing the modeled seal effectiveness for a parametric range of ingress and egress Cd values with experimental stator wall measurements. The combination of Cd values, which best matches experimental data over a range of coolant flow ratios, characterizes the seal and flow condition. Arizona State University experimental data were used to estimate the Cd values for an overlap seal configuration.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME

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