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Investigations on the Discharge and Total Temperature Increase Characteristics of the Labyrinth Seals With Honeycomb and Smooth Lands

[+] Author Affiliations
Xin Yan, Jun Li, Liming Song, Zhenping Feng

Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, China

Paper No. GT2008-50399, pp. 1407-1414; 8 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2008: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Berlin, Germany, June 9–13, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4314-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3824-2
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


The viscous work generated by the rotating components of the seal not only represents the direct loss of power, but also causes the increase in total temperature of fluid (windage effect). In order to study the discharge and total temperature increase characteristics of the stepped labyrinth seals with smooth and honeycomb lands, 3D RANS solutions from CFX is used in this work. At first, the influences of the inlet preswirl, leakage flow rate and rotational speed on the total temperature increase in the convergent and divergent stepped labyrinth seals with smooth and honeycomb lands are conducted. The obtained 3D numerical results are well in agreement with the referenced experimental data. It shows that the utilized numerical approach has sufficient precision to predict the total temperature increase in seals. Then, a range of pressure ratios and four sizes of sealing clearance are performed to investigate the effects of sealing clearances and pressure ratios impact on the discharge and total temperature increase of the stepped labyrinth seals with honeycomb and smooth liners.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME
Topics: Temperature



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