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Improved Film Cooling Effectiveness by Placing a Vortex Generator Downstream of Each Hole

[+] Author Affiliations
David L. Rigby, James D. Heidmann

NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH

Paper No. GT2008-51361, pp. 1161-1174; 14 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2008-51361
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2008: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Berlin, Germany, June 9–13, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4314-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3824-2

abstract

Calculations are presented demonstrating the effect of placing a delta vortex generator downstream of a film cooling hole. The effects of blowing ratio, density ratio, and spanwise pitch are included in the study. Flow over a flat plate with film cooling holes oriented at a 30 degree angle was investigated. The Reynolds numbers based on the freestream velocity and the hole diameter was 11,300. The simulation was performed using the Glenn-HT code, a full three-dimensional Navier-Stokes solver using the Wilcox k-ω turbulence model. A structured multi-block grid was used with approximately one million cells, and average y+ values on the order of unity. Local and span averaged effectiveness are presented. Analysis and visualization of the flow are presented as well as a discussion on the mechanisms which contribute to the dramatic improvement in effectiveness. The results demonstrate that the delta vortex generator was able to annihilate the up-wash vortex pair produced by the film hole and produce a down-wash pair downstream.

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