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Computational Modelling of Tip Heat Transfer to a Super-Scale Model of an Unshrouded Gas Turbine Blade

[+] Author Affiliations
Brian M. T. Tang, Pepe Palafox, David R. H. Gillespie, Martin L. G. Oldfield

University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

Brian C. Y. Cheong

Rolls Royce plc, Bristol, UK

Paper No. GT2008-51212, pp. 1063-1074; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2008-51212
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2008: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Berlin, Germany, June 9–13, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4314-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3824-2
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME and Rolls Royce plc

abstract

Control of over-tip leakage flow between turbine blade tips and the stationary shroud is one of the major challenges facing gas turbine designers today. The flow imposes large thermal loads on unshrouded high pressure turbine blades and is significantly detrimental to turbine blade life. This paper presents results from a computational study performed to investigate the detailed blade tip heat transfer on a sharp-edged, flat tip HP turbine blade. The tip gap is engine representative at 1.5% of the blade chord. Nusselt number distributions on the blade tip surface have been obtained from steady flow simulations and are compared to experimental data carried out in a super-scale cascade, which allows detailed flow and heat transfer measurements in stationary and engine representative conditions. Fully structured, multiblock hexahedral meshes were used in the simulations, performed in the commercial solver Fluent. Seven industry-standard turbulence models, and a number of different tip gridding strategies are compared, varying in complexity from the one-equation Spalart-Allmaras model to a seven-equation Reynolds Stress model. Of the turbulence models examined, the standard k-ω model gave the closest agreement to the experimental data. The discrepancy in Nusselt number observed was just 5%. However, the size of the separation on the pressure side rim was underpredicted, causing the position of reattachment to occur too close to the edge. Other turbulence models tested typically underpredicted Nusselt numbers by around 35%, although locating the position of peak heat flux correctly. The effect of the blade to casing motion was also simulated successfully, qualitatively producing the same changes in secondary flow features as were previously observed experimentally, with associated changes in heat transfer to the blade tip.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME and Rolls Royce plc

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