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Endwall Film Cooling Effects on Secondary Flows in a Contoured Endwall Nozzle Vane

[+] Author Affiliations
Giovanna Barigozzi, Giuseppe Franchini, Antonio Perdichizzi, Marco Quattrore

Università degli Studi di Bergamo, Dalmine, BG, Italy

Paper No. GT2008-51065, pp. 955-965; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2008-51065
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2008: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Berlin, Germany, June 9–13, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4314-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3824-2
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME

abstract

The present paper investigates the effects of endwall injection of cooling flow on the aerodynamic performance of a nozzle vane cascade with endwall contouring. Tests have been performed on a 7 vane cascade with a geometry typical of a real gas turbine nozzle vane. The cooling scheme consists of four rows of cylindrical holes. The same cooling scheme, applied to a flat endwall, was already investigated by the authors. Tests have been carried out at low speed (M2is = 0.2) with a low inlet turbulence intensity level (1.0%) and with a coolant to mainstream mass flow ratio varied in the range from zero (solid endwall) to 2.5%. Energy loss coefficient, secondary vorticity and outlet angle distributions were computed from 5-hole probe measured data. Contoured endwall results, with and without film cooling, were compared to planar endwall data. Endwall contouring was responsible for a significant overall loss decrease, thanks to the reduction of both profile and planar side secondary flows losses; a loss increase on the contoured side was instead observed. Like as for the planar endwall, even for contoured endwall coolant injection modifies secondary flows, reducing their intensity, but the relevance of the changes is reduced. Nevertheless for all the tested injection conditions, secondary losses on the contoured side are always higher than in the planar case, while contoured cascade overall losses are lower. A unique minimum overall loss injection condition was found for both tested geometries, corresponding to an injected mass flow rate of about 1.0%.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME

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