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Free-Stream Effects on the Cooling Performance of Cylindrical and Fan-Shaped Cooling Holes

[+] Author Affiliations
Christian Saumweber

Behr GmbH & Co. KG, Stuttgart, Germany

Achmed Schulz

Universität Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany

Paper No. GT2008-51030, pp. 879-891; 13 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2008: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Berlin, Germany, June 9–13, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4314-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3824-2
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


From literature and our own studies it is known that the effects of hot gas cross-flow and in particular the turbulence of the hot gas flow highly influence the spreading of the coolant in the near hole vicinity. Moreover, the velocity of the hot gas flow expressed by a hot gas Mach number obviously plays a much more important role in case of diffuser holes than with simple cylindrical holes. To realize a certain blowing rate, a higher pressure ratio needs to be established in case of higher Mach numbers. This in turn may strongly affect the diffusion process in the expanded portion of a fan-shaped cooling hole. The said effects will be discussed in great detail. The effects of free-stream Mach number and free-stream turbulence, including turbulence intensity, integral length scale, and periodic unsteady wake flow will be considered. The comparative study is performed by means of discharge coefficients and by local and laterally averaged adiabatic film cooling effectiveness and heat transfer coefficients. Both cooling holes have a length-to-diameter ratio of 6 and an inclination angle of 30°. The fan-shaped hole has an expansion angle of 14°. The effect of the coolant cross-flow at the hole entrance is not considered in this study, i.e. plenum conditions exist at the hole entrance.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME
Topics: Cooling



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