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Computational Predictions of Endwall Film Cooling for a Turbine Nozzle Vane With an Asymmetric Contoured Passage

[+] Author Affiliations
Yoji Okita, Chiyuki Nakamata

IHI Corporation, Tokyo, Japan

Paper No. GT2008-50878, pp. 801-811; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2008-50878
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2008: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Berlin, Germany, June 9–13, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4314-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3824-2
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME

abstract

This paper presents results of a computational study for the endwall film cooling of an annular nozzle cascade employing a circumferentially asymmetric contoured passage. The investigated geometrical parameters and the flow conditions are set consistent with a generic modern HP-turbine nozzle. Rows of cylindrical film cooling holes on the contoured endwall are arranged with a design practice for the ordinary axisymmetric endwall. The solution domain, which includes the mainflow, cooling hole paths, and the coolant plenum, is discretized in the RANS equations with the realizable k-epsilon model. The calculated flow field shows that the pressure gradients across the passage between the pressure and the suction side are reduced with the asymmetric endwall, and consequently, the rolling up of the inlet boundary layer into the passage vortex is delayed and the separation line has moved further downstream. With the asymmetric endwall, because of the effective suppression of the secondary flow, more uniform film coverage is achieved especially in the rear part of the passage and the laterally averaged effectiveness is also significantly improved in this region. The closer inspection of the calculated thermal field reveals that, with the asymmetric passage, the coolant ejected from the holes are less deflected by the secondary vortices, and it attaches better to the endwall in this rear part.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME
Topics: Cooling , Nozzles , Turbines

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