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Turbine Blade Platform Film Cooling With Typical Stator-Rotor Purge Flow and Discrete-Hole Film Cooling

[+] Author Affiliations
Zhihong Gao, Diganta Narzary, Je-Chin Han

Texas A&M University, College Station, TX

Paper No. GT2008-50286, pp. 263-274; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2008-50286
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2008: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 4: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Berlin, Germany, June 9–13, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4314-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3824-2
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME

abstract

This paper is focused on the effect of film hole configurations on platform film cooling. The platform is cooled by purge flow from a simulated stator-rotor seal combined with discrete-hole film cooling within the blade passage. The cylindrical holes and laidback fan-shaped holes are assessed in terms of film cooling effectiveness and total pressure loss. Lined up with the freestream streamwise direction, the film holes are arranged on the platform with two different layouts. In one layout, the film cooling holes are divided into two rows and more concentrated on the pressure side of the passage. In the other layout, the film cooling holes are divided into four rows and loosely distributed on the platform. Four film cooling hole configurations are investigated totally. Testing was done in a five-blade cascade with medium high Mach number condition (0.27 and 0.44 at the inlet and the exit, respectively). The detailed film cooling effectiveness distributions on the platform was obtained using pressure sensitive paint (PSP) technique. Results show that the combined cooling scheme (slot purge flow cooling combined with discrete hole film cooling) is able to provide full film coverage on the platform. The shaped holes present higher film cooling effectiveness and wider film coverage than the cylindrical holes, particularly at higher blowing ratios. The hole layout affects the local film cooling effectiveness. The shaped holes also show the advantage over the cylindrical holes with lower total pressure loss.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME

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