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Monitoring of HRSG Performance in Large Size Combined Cycle Power Plants

[+] Author Affiliations
Silvio Cafaro, Alberto Traverso, Aristide F. Massardo

Università di Genova, Genoa, Italy

Paper No. GT2008-50648, pp. 965-974; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2008-50648
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2008: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 2: Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Cycle Innovations; Electric Power
  • Berlin, Germany, June 9–13, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4312-3 | eISBN: 0-7918-3824-2
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME

abstract

Monitoring of all components of large size combined cycle power plants (gas turbine, HRSG, steam turbine, auxiliaries) plays a determinant role in improving plant availability, profitability and maintenance scheduling. This paper presents a research project carried out by TPG (Thermochemical Power Group) of University of Genoa in collaboration with Ansaldo Energia S.p.A. to improve existing monitoring and diagnostics procedures and to develop innovative software tools for software-aided maintenance and customer support: the first part of research is concerned with the monitoring of a three pressure level HRSG (Heat Recovery Steam Generator), which is presented in this paper. A procedure for estimating HRSG performance in large size combined cycle power plants is presented. The work consists of the development of an original Matlab code which calculates heat exchangers’ performance, at different power plant operating conditions. The Matlab code uses some parameters (areas of heat exchangers, heat transfer coefficient, heat loss, pressure drop) coming from a detailed on-design model necessary to set some parameters for the calculation. The original Matlab code was developed with a twofold objective: to calculate the actual gas path inside the HRSG starting from the available measurements, thus obtaining the current effectiveness of all the heat exchangers in the HRSG; to estimate the expected performance of each heat exchanger to be compared with the actual ones. Once the actual effectiveness and the expected effectiveness of the heat exchanger are defined, non-dimensional performance parameters suitable for degradation assessment can be defined. Such parameters will be used to monitor plant degradation, to support plant maintenance, and to assist on-line troubleshooting. As a result of the sensitivity analysis, each performance parameter is coupled with an accuracy factor. The accuracy of each performance parameter is estimated through the sensitivity analysis, which allows to determine the best parameters to be monitored and to define the related tolerance due to measurement errors. The methodology developed has been successfully applied to historical logged data (2 years) of an existing large size (400 MW) combined cycle, showing the capabilities in estimating the degradation of the HRSG throughout plant life.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME

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