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A New Semisubmersible Design for Improved Heave Motion, Vortex-Induced Motion and Quayside Stability

[+] Author Affiliations
Qi Xu

Technip, Houston, TX

Paper No. OMAE2011-49118, pp. 95-103; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/OMAE2011-49118
From:
  • ASME 2011 30th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering
  • Volume 1: Offshore Technology; Polar and Arctic Sciences and Technology
  • Rotterdam, The Netherlands, June 19–24, 2011
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4433-5
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME

abstract

Recently the semisubmersible has become a favorable choice as a wet-tree floating platform supporting steel catenary risers (SCRs), mainly due to its capability of quayside topside integration and cost-effectiveness. However, it is still a challenge for a conventional semisubmersible to support SCRs, particularly large ones, in harsh environment and relatively shallow water due to its large heave motion. To answer this challenge, a new semisubmersible design has been developed at Technip as a wet-tree floater which achieves significantly improved heave motion and vortex-induced-motion (VIM) performance through hull form optimization while maintaining the simplicity of a conventional semisubmersible design. The difference between the NexGen semi-submersible design and a conventional semi-submersible design is in the blisters attached to the columns, distribution of pontoon volume, and pontoon cross section shape. In the NexGen semi-submersible design, the pontoon volume is re-distributed to minimize heave loading while maintaining sufficient structural rigidity, a long heave natural period and adequate quayside buoyancy. The blisters attached to the columns effectively break the vortex shedding coherence along the column length and therefore suppresses VIM. The blisters also provide much needed stability at quayside and during the hull deployment process, making the hull design less sensitive to topside weight increase. In the present paper the hydrodynamic aspects of this new design are discussed in detail. A benchmark case is presented in which the new design is compared against a more conventional design with the same principal dimensions. It is shown that the heave response in extreme sea states (100-yr hurricane) at the platform center of gravity is reduced by about 30–40%, and at the SCR hang-off locations by about 25–30%. Due to the reduced heave motion, SCRs experience about one third less stress at the touchdown point. A qualitative VIM analytical model is used to predict the VIM suppression effect of the new design. A highlight of a VIM model test for the proposed design is also presented. The reduced heave and VIM significantly improve the riser stress and fatigue near the touchdown point. This new design makes the semisubmersible a more robust wet-tree floater concept, and even a potentially good candidate as a dry-tree host concept in relatively benign environment.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME

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