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The Influence of Residual Stress and Tip Geometry on the Measurement of Surface Property Using Nanoindentation: Experimental Study and Numerical Analysis

[+] Author Affiliations
A. W. Warren, Y. B. Guo

University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL

Paper No. MicroNano2008-70156, pp. 325-332; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/MicroNano2008-70156
From:
  • 2008 Second International Conference on Integration and Commercialization of Micro and Nanosystems
  • 2008 Second International Conference on Integration and Commercialization of Micro and Nanosystems
  • Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong, June 3–5, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Nanotechnology Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4294-0 | eISBN: 0-7918-3819-6
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME

abstract

This study focuses on the basic relationships between nanohardness, residual stress, and micro/nanostructure of precision machined surfaces of high carbon steels. A series of nanoindentation tests were conducted on the cross-sections of the precision machined surfaces with ultrafine-grains or nanostructures. It was found that the nanostructured white layer significantly increases nanohardness, while the ultrafine-grained layer only slightly increases surface hardness. Residual stress affects the load-displacement curve shape at the onset of material yielding. Nanostructure makes a significant difference on the characteristics of a load-displacement curve, while ultrafine-grained structure exerts a slight influence. The influence of residual stress on the load-displacement curve can be estimated by finite element simulation of a nanoindentation. The simulation sensitivity analysis shows that the load-displacement curves are significantly affected by residual stress.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME

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