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Experimental Study on the Structural Behavior of Secondary Barrier of MARK-III LNG CCS

[+] Author Affiliations
Sangmin Han, Hyunkyoo Cho, Yongsuk Suh, Jaewon Lee

Samsung Heavy Industries, Co., Ltd., Geoje, Gyeongnam, Republic of Korea

Chae Whan Rim, Tak Kee Lee

Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials, Daejeon, Republic of Korea

Paper No. OMAE2009-79126, pp. 101-107; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/OMAE2009-79126
From:
  • ASME 2009 28th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering
  • Volume 1: Offshore Technology
  • Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, May 31–June 5, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4341-3 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3844-0
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

The market of LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) carrier is remarkably expanded in the last four or five years, and lots of LNG vessels are being built in many shipyards in the world. Membrane-type MARK-III LNG CCS (Cargo Containment System) is used more and more in the construction of LNG carrier, and it has already taken considerable market share in the business of LNG vessel. No matter how many researches have been carried out on the structure of LNG CCS, most of them are mainly focused on its macroscopic behaviors, e.g. structural response of LNG CCS under sloshing load. MARK-III secondary barrier is a matter of primary concern recently, and as already known, its major function is to protect the inner hull structure from the leakage of LNG when the primary barrier of corrugated membrane fails. A closed boundary of secondary barrier for liquid tightness is mainly sustained by the boding between flexible and rigid triplexes, where the adhesive material such as epoxy green glue is applied. The thickness of adhesive glue is about 0.4mm which is extremely thin compared with those of the other structural components of MARK-III CCS. The conventional macroscopic approach hardly gives proper description about the structural behavior of secondary barrier which requires much finer representation with the resolution of glue thickness. Most recently, even though there is an example of research on the structural responses of MARK-III secondary barrier by carrying out structural analysis using microscopic approach, it still is necessary to verify the results of structural analysis base on the experimental evidences. This research deals with an experimental study on the structural behavior of the secondary barrier of MARK-III LNG CCS. The full-scale specimen of MARK-III CCS is prepared and installed in cryogenic chamber which is quite large enough to completely enclose the specimen. As the actual secondary barrier is loaded mainly with thermal loading due to cryogenic temperature and mechanical loading due to hull deformation, the specimen undergoes cryogenic temperature maintained by the chamber and mechanical loading given by the actuator of testing machine. The structural response of secondary barrier in the specimen is maintained and controlled in such a way that the response is almost the same as that of actual secondary barrier in LNG CCS. Through the intensive study on the type and size, the specimen is so designed as to sufficiently realize the structural behavior of the secondary barrier in the actual operating condition. Since the strain gauge is elaborately installed into the thin layer of adhesive glue in the secondary barrier, it is possible to measure its precise response and to capture the realistic structural behavior of the glue. FBG (Fiber Bragg Grating) sensor is also installed in the same specimen, and the structural response of the secondary barrier is measured simultaneously, which provides data of comparison to confirm the reliability of experimental results. It is necessary to verify the performance and feasibility of the strain gauge and FBG sensor prior to actual application into the specimen, because the strain gauge and FBG sensor work in extremely thin layer under cryogenic environment. Therefore, simple tensile test is carried out, and the strain gauge and FBG sensor are examined. During cooling down process, thermal loading is increased until the temperature of secondary barrier reaches −110°C, which is maintained for a few hours to stabilize the structural response of specimen. Continually, the 4-point bending test is carried out to give additional mechanical loading which is monotonously increased until the loading reaches the ultimate strength. The strain gauge and FGB sensor measure and record the strain at each testing location during the whole process of experiment. The specimen of EC (Conventional Epoxy) glue has the smallest ultimate strength, but nevertheless it has sufficient safety factor with respect to the level of loading in actual vessel, and the EHP (Epoxy Glue with the Treatment of Hot Pad) and PU (Polyurethane) glues have much more. The experiment is simulated numerically using FEM. The material data are directly obtained through various material tests. Microscopic approach is adopted, and therefore extremely fine mesh model of which element size is almost equal to glue thickness near the secondary barrier is developed, which makes it possible to represent realistic structural behavior of adhesive glue precisely. The loading and boundary conditions are carefully arranged to embody the experimental circumstances correctly. Finally, it is possible to estimate the degree of discrepancy between the results of experiment and numerical simulation, and the correlation factor can be obtained by studying the discrepancy. The correlation factor is the final result in this research, which can be applied to the structural analysis for actual secondary barrier of MARK-III LNG CCS and improve the results of the analysis.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME

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