Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

A Numerical Investigation of Transient Flow and Cavitation Within Minisac and VCO Diesel Injector Nozzles

[+] Author Affiliations
Won Geun Lee, Rolf D. Reitz

University of Wisconsin - Madison, Madison, WI

Paper No. ICES2009-76148, pp. 643-653; 11 pages
  • ASME 2009 Internal Combustion Engine Division Spring Technical Conference
  • ASME 2009 Internal Combustion Engine Division Spring Technical Conference
  • Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA, May 3–6, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Internal Combustion Engine Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4340-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3843-3
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME


Cavitating flow within diesel injector passages has been investigated numerically using the Homogeneous Equilibrium Model (HEM), which uses the barotropic assumption and the variable speed of sound of the mixture. To apply the HEM, the KIVA-3V code was modified to implement a generalized equation of state, and injector needle movement is simulated by the Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) approach and the snapper algorithm. It is demonstrated that the model can predict the effect of nozzle passage geometry on the flow structure and cavitation. The model is able to reproduce the transient fuel injection rate as a function of the needle lift profile. Special interest is focused on the transient behavior during the nozzle closing period, which shows that the fast decrease in flow rate can increase the cavitation in the nozzle passage. The effects of the pressure difference and environment pressure on cavitation augmentation at the end of the injection were also investigated. Flow characteristics due to different shapes of the nozzle flow passage in axisymmetric single hole nozzles and multi hole nozzle configurations (mini-sac and VCO eight-hole nozzles) were compared with emphasis on the end of injection period.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In