Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Heterodyne Detection Signal Analysis in Apertureless Scanning Near-Field Optical Microscopy

[+] Author Affiliations
C. H. Chuang, Y. L. Lo

National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan, R.O.C.

Paper No. MNHT2008-52186, pp. 889-894; 6 pages
  • ASME 2008 First International Conference on Micro/Nanoscale Heat Transfer
  • ASME 2008 First International Conference on Micro/Nanoscale Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Tainan, Taiwan, June 6–9, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Nanotechnology Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4292-4 | eISBN: 0-7918-3813-7
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


Apertureless scattering near-field optical microscopy (A-SNOM) is generally performed using a heterodyne detection technique since it provides a higher signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio than homodyne detection. Accordingly, this study constructs a robust interference-based model of the detection signal which takes account of both the tip enhancement phenomena and the tip reflective background electric field to analyze the amplitude and phase of heterodyne detection signals at different harmonics of the tip vibration frequency. The analytical results indicate that the high-order harmonic tip scattering noise decays more rapidly with a high-order Bessel function for small phase modulation depths than the near-field interaction signal. It is also shown that the signal contrast improves as the wavelength of the illuminating light source is increased or the incident angle is reduced. As compared with homodyne technique, it can be found the signal contrast is much improved in visible region in heterodyne technique. The results presented in this study provide an improved understanding of the complex signal detected in the heterodyne A-SNOM technique and suggest potential means of improving its S/N ratio such that the signal contrast of heterodyne A-SNOM can be improved.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In