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An Experimental Investigation of the Exhaust Emissions From Spark-Assisted Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition in a Single-Cylinder Research Engine

[+] Author Affiliations
P. E. Keros, B. T. Zigler, J. T. Wiswall, S. M. Walton, M. S. Wooldridge

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI

Paper No. ICES2009-76083, pp. 309-315; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/ICES2009-76083
From:
  • ASME 2009 Internal Combustion Engine Division Spring Technical Conference
  • ASME 2009 Internal Combustion Engine Division Spring Technical Conference
  • Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA, May 3–6, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Internal Combustion Engine Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4340-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3843-3
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

The present study investigates the potential impact of spark-assisted (SA) homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) on pollutant exhaust gas emissions from an internal combustion engine. A single-cylinder research engine was used to compare the exhaust emissions of the engine when operated in HCCI, SA-HCCI and conventional spark ignited modes of operation. The study builds on previous results demonstrating the effects of the spark plasma kernel on the ignition process [1, 2]. Specifically, this study investigates the NOx, CO, and HC emissions from an optical engine fueled with indolene in HCCI and SA-HCCI modes at fuel lean conditions. Fuel/air equivalence ratios ranged from φ = 0.3–0.6. Time-averaged emissions were measured using an exhaust gas analyzer. In-cylinder pressure data were also acquired. The results show NOx emissions follow the trends of peak in-cylinder pressure implying that thermal NOx mechanisms dominate both the HCCI and SA-HCCI modes of engine operation. For SA-HCCI, spark timing could be used to change ignition phasing, and consequently change the in-cylinder peak pressure and resulting NOx emissions. Comparing HCCI and SA-HCCI emissions at nominally similar conditions (specifically, comparable indicated mean effective pressures and equivalence ratios) yielded similar NOx emissions. These data show that SA-HCCI may not have a NOx penalty when the spark timing is carefully applied.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME

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