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Experimental and Simulation Study of Fuel Injection Timing, Pressure and EGR for Lower Exhaust Emissions From Diesel HCCI Combustion

[+] Author Affiliations
S. Juttu, S. S. Thipse, N. V. Marathe

The Automotive Research Association of India, Pune, India

M. K. Gajendra Babu

Indian Institute of Technology - Delhi, New Delhi, India

Paper No. ICES2009-76042, pp. 283-297; 15 pages
  • ASME 2009 Internal Combustion Engine Division Spring Technical Conference
  • ASME 2009 Internal Combustion Engine Division Spring Technical Conference
  • Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA, May 3–6, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Internal Combustion Engine Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4340-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3843-3
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME


The objective of this work is to study the effect of different control parameters viz. EGR, fuel injection pressure and start of injection timing on exhaust emissions from diesel fueled HCCI combustion concept. A 4-cylinder LCV engine has been selected for experiments and FIRE 3D CFD software was used for simulation study. The basic idea of the simulation study is to find the suitable EGR ratio to run the engine on HCCI combustion mode so as to avoid any damage to the engine during testing. From simulation study, it was observed that the minimum EGR required for running the engine at 5.6 bar BMEP @ 2500 rpm in HCCI mode is approximately 45%. The trends of simulation results viz. soot and NOx emissions are closely following the experiments. The experiments were conducted at different loads at 2500 rpm and EGR varied from 0% to 60%. With increased EGR ratio, soot bump was observed at 50%, 75% and 100%. The BTE dropped to 24.5% from 33.5%. The effect of fuel injection pressures (750bar, 1000bar and 1500bar) were studied to improve the BTE and to control soot bump over a wide range injection timings EGR ratio. Detailed experiments were conducted at 2.8 bar BMEP @ 2500 rpm to study simultaneous reduction of NOx, SOOT, UHC and CO emissions from diesel HCCI combustion. At injection pressure (1500 bar), advanced fuel injection timing and high EGR ratio, the soot CO and THC emissions were reduced significantly without penalty on NOx emissions. The BTE was improved from 24.5% to 31% against 33.5% of convention diesel combustion.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME



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