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Detailed Heat Transfer Measurements Inside Rotating Ribbed Channels Using the Transient Liquid Crystal Technique

[+] Author Affiliations
Justin A. Lamont, Srinath V. Ekkad

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA

Paper No. AJTEC2011-44127, pp. T10075-T10075-10; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/AJTEC2011-44127
From:
  • ASME/JSME 2011 8th Thermal Engineering Joint Conference
  • ASME/JSME 2011 8th Thermal Engineering Joint Conference
  • Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, March 13–17, 2011
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-3892-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3894-5
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME

abstract

The effects of the Coriolis force and centrifugal buoyancy are well known in rotating internal serpentine coolant channels in turbine blades. As channel flow in rotation is highly complex, detailed knowledge of the heat transfer over a surface will greatly enhance the blade designer’s ability to predict hot spots so coolant may be distributed effectively. The present study uses a novel transient liquid crystal technique to measure heat transfer on a rotating two-pass channel surface with chilled inlet air. The present study examines the differences in heat transfer distributions of three channel types in rotation: smooth wall, 90° ribs, and W-shaped ribs. The two channels in the test section model radially inward and outward flow. To account for centrifugal buoyancy, cold air is passed through a room temperature test section. This ensures that buoyancy is acting in a similar direction to real turbine blades. Three parameters were controlled in the testing: inlet coolant-to-wall density ratio, channel Reynolds number, and Rotation number. Results were compared to previous studies with similar test conditions. The present study shows that the W-shaped ribs enhance heat transfer in all cases (stationary and rotating) approximately 2–3 times better than the 90° ribs. The W-shaped ribbed channel is least affected by rotation due to the complex nature of the flow generated by the geometry.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME

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