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Combustion Characteristics of HCCI in Motorcycle Engine

[+] Author Affiliations
Yuh-Yih Wu

National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei, Taiwan

Bo-Liang Chen

Industrial Technology Research Institute, Hsinchu, Taiwan

Paper No. ICES2009-76029, pp. 223-232; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/ICES2009-76029
From:
  • ASME 2009 Internal Combustion Engine Division Spring Technical Conference
  • ASME 2009 Internal Combustion Engine Division Spring Technical Conference
  • Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA, May 3–6, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Internal Combustion Engine Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4340-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3843-3
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME

abstract

Homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) is recognized as an advanced combustion system of internal combustion engine for reducing fuel consumption and exhaust emissions. This paper studied a 150 cc air-cooled four-stroke motorcycle engine operating HCCI combustion. The compression ratio was increased from 10.5 to 12.4 by modifying the cylinder head. The kerosene fuel was used without intake air heating and operated at various excess air ratios (λ), engine speeds, and EGR rates. The combustion characteristics and emissions on the target engine were measured. It was found that keeping the cylinder head temperature at around 120–130°C is important for stable experiment. Two-stage ignition was observed from the heat release rate curve, which was calculated from the cylinder pressure. Higher first stage ignition temperature causes higher peak cylinder gas temperature. Higher λ or EGR causes lower peak pressure, lower maximum rate of pressure rise (MRPR), and higher emission CO. However, EGR is better than excess air for decreasing the peak pressure and MRPR without deteriorating the engine output.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME

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