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Optimizing Boiler Generating Bank Tube Reliability Through the Use of IRIS Non Destructive Testing

[+] Author Affiliations
Dominic Marra

Montenay-Onyx Power Corporation, Miami, FL

Paper No. NAWTEC12-2223, pp. 181-198; 18 pages
  • 12th Annual North American Waste-to-Energy Conference
  • 12th Annual North American Waste-to-Energy Conference
  • Savannah, Georgia, USA, May 17–19, 2004
  • Conference Sponsors: Solid Waste Processing Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3736-X
  • Copyright © 2004 by ASME


The boilers’ generating bank (convective) section began suffering repeated random failures at the Miami-Dade County Resources Recovery Facility. The plant embarked on an optimization program to better identify and target the failures using non destructive ultrasonic Internal Rotary Inspection Services (IRIS) testing. Through the use of the IRIS nondestructive testing method, the plant was able to identify 3 major contributors to tube failures by mapping out the locations of the tube wastage across all 4 boilers at the facility. The testing allowed optimizing the use of resources allocated to this area of the boiler and resulted in a considerable drop of unscheduled downtime and increase in generating bank tube reliability. The IRIS testing method involves an ultrasonic probe that is lowered down the inside of the tubes. The tubes are flooded with water in order to get a full 360-degree thickness survey of the tubes from top to bottom, (steam drum to mud drum). The data for over 4.7 miles (7.5 Km) of linear tube per boiler is recorded digitally and presented on a CD. By pinpointing the location and severity of tube wastage across the entire generating bank section, the root cause of the failures could be identified. An integrated solution was developed involving a combination of tube replacements, shielding, tube plugging, and soot blower optimization. This paper summarizes the results of the testing and optimization program.

Copyright © 2004 by ASME



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