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Parameter Based Combustion Model for Large Pre-Chamber Gas Engines

[+] Author Affiliations
Jianguo Zhu, Andreas Wimmer, Eduard Schneßl, Hubert Winter, Franz Chmela

LEC - Large Engines Competence Center, Graz, Austria

Paper No. ICES2009-76127, pp. 51-59; 9 pages
  • ASME 2009 Internal Combustion Engine Division Spring Technical Conference
  • ASME 2009 Internal Combustion Engine Division Spring Technical Conference
  • Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA, May 3–6, 2009
  • Conference Sponsors: Internal Combustion Engine Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4340-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3843-3
  • Copyright © 2009 by ASME


Challenging requirements for modern large engines regarding power output, fuel consumption and emissions can only be achieved with carefully adapted combustion systems. With the improvement of simulation methods simulation work is playing a more and more important role for the engine development. Due to their simplicity and short computing time, one-dimensional and zero-dimensional calculation methods are widely applied for the engine cycle simulation and optimization. While the gas dynamic processes in the intake and exhaust system can already be simulated with sufficient precision, it still represents a considerable difficulty to predict the combustion process exactly. In this contribution, an empirical combustion model for large pre-chamber gas engines is presented, which was evolved based on measurements on a single cylinder research engine using the DOE (Design of Experiments) method. The combustion process in pre-chamber gas engines is investigated and reproduced successfully by means of a Double-Vibe function. The mathematical relationship between the engine operating parameters and the parameters of the Double-Vibe function was determined as a transfer model on the base of comprehensive measurements. The effects of engine operating parameters e.g. boost pressure, charge temperature, ignition timing, air/fuel ratio on the combustion process are taken into account in the transfer model. After adding modification functions, the model can be applied to gas engines operated with various gas fuels taking into account the actual air humidity. Comprehensive verifications were conducted on a single cylinder engine as well as on full scale engines. With the combination of the combustion model and a gas exchange simulation model the engine performance has been predicted satisfactorily. Due to the simple phenomenological structure of the model, a user-friendly model application and a short computing time is achieved.

Copyright © 2009 by ASME



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