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Analytical and Experimental Studies of Diffuser/Nozzle Valve-Less Micro-Pump

[+] Author Affiliations
Seiichi Tanaka, Shun Moriyama, Hiroshi Tsukamoto, Koji Miyazaki

Kyushu Institute of Technology, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka, Japan

Paper No. MNHT2008-52209, pp. 203-210; 8 pages
  • ASME 2008 First International Conference on Micro/Nanoscale Heat Transfer
  • ASME 2008 First International Conference on Micro/Nanoscale Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Tainan, Taiwan, June 6–9, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Nanotechnology Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4292-4 | eISBN: 0-7918-3813-7
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


A valve-less micro-pump was realized with just one diffuser/nozzle element. The pressure-loss in a nozzle is lower than that in a diffuser, and therefore one-way flow may be realized in the nozzle direction. The frequency characteristics and the pump characteristics are measured. Dimensionless numbers are introduced to rearrange the measured data and to understand the physical mechanisms of the micro-pump. Simplified analysis was done for unsteady operation of the pump by considering the channel geometries and pressure-loss coefficients based on Bernoulli’s theorem. The calculated pump characteristics agreed with the measured ones. Numerical calculations were made using the commercial CFD (computational fluid dynamics) code CFX. The calculated flow patterns showed differences between the diffuser and nozzle directions.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME



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