Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Electroosmotic Pumping Using Porous Anodic Alumina Membranes

[+] Author Affiliations
Yu-Feng Chen, Chi-Chuan Wang

Industrial Technology Research Institute, Hsinchu, Taiwan

Ming-Chia Li, Wen-Jeng Chang

Feng Cha University, Taichung, Taiwan

C. P. Chen

University of Alabama, Huntsville, AL

Paper No. MNHT2008-52137, pp. 139-146; 8 pages
  • ASME 2008 First International Conference on Micro/Nanoscale Heat Transfer
  • ASME 2008 First International Conference on Micro/Nanoscale Heat Transfer, Parts A and B
  • Tainan, Taiwan, June 6–9, 2008
  • Conference Sponsors: Nanotechnology Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4292-4 | eISBN: 0-7918-3813-7
  • Copyright © 2008 by ASME


This study demonstrated electroosmotic pumping with high flow rate per unit area at a rather low applied voltage through an alumina nano-porous membrane driven by Platinum mesh electrodes. The electrode was placed perpendicular to, and had direct contact with nano-channel inlet to reduce the electric voltage drop in the reservoir. The complete set of the Poisson-Nernst-Planck equations for electrical potential and ionic concentration, coupled with the Navier-Stokes equation were solved for the purpose of a full understanding of the ionic transport and flow characteristics of EOF in nano-fluidics capillaries. The measured flowrate versus electrolyte (KCl) concentration reveals that the flowrate is usually high in low concentration (10−5 M∼10−7 M) regime in which a maximum value also occurs. In addition, a remarkable surge of flow rate is observed when the concentration surpasses below 10−4 M. The maximum flowrate achieved from this study is 0.09 mL min−2 V−1 cm−2 and the energy transfer efficiency is 0.43% at an operation voltage of 20V. The flowrates investigated in this study are comparable to other existing results whereas the corresponding operation voltage used this study is about one to two order lower than most existing results. Numerical results exhibit correct trends for nano flows involving strong overlap of electrical double layers. Comparisons of numerical and experimental results were made and discussed.

Copyright © 2008 by ASME
Topics: Membranes



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In