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Numerical Investigation of the Effect of Geometric and Physiochemical Parameters on Biomolecule Capture Efficiency

[+] Author Affiliations
Sina Jomeh, Mina Hoorfar

University of British Columbia, Kelowna, BC, Canada

Paper No. FEDSM-ICNMM2010-30531, pp. 1253-1260; 8 pages
  • ASME 2010 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels collocated with 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting
  • ASME 2010 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels: Parts A and B
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, August 1–5, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: Fluids Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5450-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3880-8
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME


This paper presents and compares three different designs including open channel, circular pillar and screen-plate microreactors for capturing and detection of biomolecules in a buffer liquid. In general, these capturing/detection devices consist of a flow cell containing one or several reactive surfaces loaded with ligand molecules. The critical issue in the design of an efficient device is the proximity of the biomolecules to the ligands in the capturing stage since the latter is immobilized on the reactive surface and the former is freely moving in the flow. The flow pattern and the geometry of the device are the key factors in this regard. The presented designs are numerically modeled and compared in terms of capture efficiency. Immersed biomolecules are assumed to behave like a continuum medium. The Navier-Stokes and advection-diffusion equations are solved in two dimensions and the concentration profile is found after a certain sampling period. The chemical reaction between the ligand and the biomolecule is included in the model through solving the first order kinetic equation at the boundaries. The average surface concentrations of the adsorbed molecules are plotted and compared for all the geometries to determine the most efficient one. Considering the performance, ease of fabrication, and detection, the screen plates are found to be the best option for the purpose of biomolecule removal. The effects of the change in the geometric parameters (e.g., the flow path width in the microchannels) and physicochemical parameters (e.g., the diffusion constant, ligand surface density, and forward and backward reaction rates) involved in the problem on the adsorbed concentration are thoroughly inspected and the corresponding results are plotted.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME



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