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Simulation of Combustion and Emission Characteristics in a Dual Fuelled Diesel Engine

[+] Author Affiliations
Biplab K. Debnath, Bibhuti B. Sahoo, Ujjwal K. Saha, Niranjan Sahoo

Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati, India

Paper No. ICEF2010-35095, pp. 767-776; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/ICEF2010-35095
From:
  • ASME 2010 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference
  • ASME 2010 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, September 12–15, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: Internal Combustion Engine Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4944-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3882-2
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

In this paper, Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) approach is adopted to study the combustion and emission progression in a single cylinder four stroke diesel engine, operated in both diesel and dual-fuel modes. The study of dual-fuel mode is performed by using synthesis gas (syngas) with 75:25 and 50:50 volumetric combinations of hydrogen and carbon monoxide, respectively. The modeling and meshing of the constant volume combustion chamber is carried out by using GAMBIT tool. The meshing of the combustion chamber is performed using tetrahedral elements and the kε turbulence model is introduced along with non-premixed combustion modeling. The modeled hemispherical-piston-top combustion chamber is then simulated in FLUENT solver across the experimental boundary conditions at 40%, 60%, 80% and 100% of full load for both diesel and dual-fuel. The results of simulation incorporate the study of maximum combustion temperature, maximum combustion velocity and H2 O mole fraction subsequent to combustion. Further, the concentrations of emissions have also been investigated for both diesel and dual-fuel modes. The results of simulations show a good agreement with the corresponding experimental data.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME

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