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Soot Modeling for Advanced Control of Diesel Engine Aftertreatment

[+] Author Affiliations
V. Mulone

University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy

A. Cozzolini, P. Abeyratne, D. Littera, M. Thiagarajan, M. C. Besch, M. Gautam

West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV

Paper No. ICEF2010-35160, pp. 545-561; 17 pages
  • ASME 2010 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference
  • ASME 2010 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, September 12–15, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: Internal Combustion Engine Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4944-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3882-2
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME


Diesel Particulate Filters (DPFs) are well assessed aftertreatment devices, equipping almost every modern diesel engine on the market to comply with today’s stringent emission standards. However, an accurate estimation of soot loading, which is instrumental to ensuring optimal performance of the whole engine-after-treatment assembly is still a major challenge. In fact, several highly coupled physical-chemical phenomena occur at the same time, and a vast number of engine and exhaust dependent parameters make this task even more daunting. This challenge may be solved with models characterized by different degrees of detail (0-D to 3-D) depending on the specific application. However, the use of real-time, but accurate enough models, may be of primary importance to face with advanced control challenges, such as the integration of the DPF with the engine or other critical aftertreatment components (Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) or other NOx control components), or to properly develop model-based OBD sensors. This paper aims at addressing real time DPF modeling issues with special regard to key parameter settings, by using the 1D code ExhAUST (Exhaust Aftertreatment Unified Simulation Tool), developed jointly by the University of Rome Tor Vergata and West Virginia University. ExhAUST is characterized by a novel and unique full analytical treatment of the wall that allows faithful representation with high degree of detail the evolution of soot loading inside the porous matrix. Numerical results are compared with experimental data gathered at West Virginia University (WVU) engine laboratory using a Mack heavy-duty diesel engine coupled to a Johnson Matthey CCRT (DOC, Diesel Oxidation Catalyst+CDPF, Catalyzed DPF) aftertreatment system. To that aim, the engine test bench has been equipped with a DPF weighing setup to track soot load over a specifically developed engine operating procedure. Obtained results indicate that the model is accurate enough to capture soot loading and back pressure histories with regard to different steady state engine operating points, without needing any tuning procedure of the key parameters. Thus, the use of ExhAUST for application to advanced after-treatment control appears promising at this stage.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME



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