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Equilibrium Partition Coefficients of Cesium and Iodine Between Sodium Pool and the Inert Cover Gas

[+] Author Affiliations
Shinya Miyahara

Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tsuruga; University of Fukui, Fukui, Japan

Masahiro Nishimura, Toshio Nakagiri

Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Oarai, Ibaraki, Japan

Paper No. ICONE18-29169, pp. 65-70; 6 pages
  • 18th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering
  • 18th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering: Volume 5
  • Xi’an, China, May 17–21, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4933-0
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME


Equilibrium partition coefficients were experimentally measured for volatile fission products of cesium and iodine between liquid sodium pool and the inert cover gas. In the experiments, the “transpiration method” was utilized in which the saturation vapor of sodium with cesium and iodine vapor in an isothermal evaporation pot was transported by inert carrier gas and trapped by filters outside the pot. The objectives of the experiments are to: a) Obtain the equilibrium partition coefficients of cesium and iodine at high temperature between 600 and 850 deg-C, and b) Study the dependence of the partition coefficients upon the concentration in the sodium pool. From the results of previous work and this study, the following empirical equations between the partition coefficients of cesium and iodine and the sodium pool temperature could be obtained:

log Kd(Cs) = 2173/T − 1.0487
   (from 450 to 850 deg-C)
log Kd(I) = −215/T − 0.271
   (from 450 to 850 deg-C)
These equations are consistent with Castleman’s theoretical equations. The partition coefficients of cesium measured at five different points of mole concentration in the pool were almost consistent with the theoretical values and decreased with the increase in the concentration. On the other hand, the measured partition coefficients of iodine increased with the increase in the concentration in the pool and this tendency was incompatible with the theoretical consideration. The reason of this discrepancy might be attributed to the formation of Na2 I2 in the cover gas.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME



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