Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Axisymmetric Modeling of Constraint Effect on the Ductile Crack Growth Resistance of Circumferentially Cracked Pipes

[+] Author Affiliations
Jie Xu

Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway; University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing, China

Zhiliang Zhang

Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway

Erling O̸stby, Bård Nyhus

SINTEF, Materials and Chemistry, Trondheim, Norway

Dongbai Sun

University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing, China

Paper No. OMAE2010-20083, pp. 133-142; 10 pages
  • ASME 2010 29th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering
  • 29th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering: Volume 5, Parts A and B
  • Shanghai, China, June 6–11, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4913-2 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3873-0
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME


Ductile crack growth plays an important role in the analysis of the fracture behavior of structures. Crack-like defects in pipe systems often develop during fabrication or in-service operation. The standard single edge notched bending (SENB) specimen with crack depth of a/W = 0.5 has a significantly higher geometry constraint than actual pipes with circumferential surface cracks, which therefore introduces a high degree of conservatism in engineering critical assessment (ECA) of pipes. Moreover, it is difficult to know how conservative the results are, because the geometry constraint is highly material-dependent. For circumferential surface flaws in pipes, the single edge notched tension (SENT) specimen has frequently been used because it has a geometry constraint in front of the crack tip that is similar to the cracks in pipes. Much work has been carried out on tensile testing for the SENT specimen as an alternative fracture mechanics specimen of pipes. In studying fully circumferential cracks in pipes, the crack geometry, applied load and boundary conditions are symmetrical about the axis of revolution. A typical radial plane containing the axis of rotational symmetry can represent these axisymmetric bodies; therefore the three-dimensional analysis can be reduced to a two-dimensional problem. This work systemically applies 2D axisymmetric models to study the ductile crack growth behavior of pipes with fully internal and external circumferential cracks under large scale yielding conditions. The complete Gurson model (CGM) developed and implemented by Zhang was utilized to predict the ductile crack growth resistance curves. Pipes with various internal pressure, diameter-to-thickness ratios, crack depths and material properties, as denoted by hardening and initial void volume fraction, have been analyzed. The results have been compared with those of corresponding clamped-loaded SENT (with same crack depth) and standard SENB specimens. It clearly indicates that the SENT specimen is a good representation of circumferentially flawed pipes and an alternative to the conventional standard SENB specimen for the fracture mechanics testing in ECA of pipes.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In