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Effect of Bracing Configurations on the Lateral Behavior of Jacket Type Offshore Platforms, Considering Pile-Soil-Structure Interaction

[+] Author Affiliations
Hossein Agheshlui

The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia

Paper No. OMAE2010-20010, pp. 13-19; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/OMAE2010-20010
From:
  • ASME 2010 29th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering
  • 29th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering: Volume 2
  • Shanghai, China, June 6–11, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4910-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3873-0
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

The configuration of braces has a considerable influence in the lateral behavior of pile supported steel jacket type offshore platforms. In this paper nonlinear static push over analyses and hysteresis curves are used to investigate lateral behavior of a jacket type offshore platform considering different configurations for vertical bracings of the jacket. One sample platform, constructed in Persian Gulf, is precisely modeled using the finite element program Opensees. Since the lateral response of offshore platforms is completely dependent on their foundations’ behavior, an accurate model is used for modeling the foundation of this structure. Soil-pile-structure interaction is considered using Beam on Nonlinear Winkler Foundation model (BNWF). Lateral and vertical soil stiffness and end bearing were considered using p-y, t-z and q-z nonlinear models, respectively. Moreover, the buckling behavior of the braces is considered in the simulation of the platform to consider the behavior of the platform after buckling, and redistribution of the shear forces in the structure due to the bracings failures. The structure was modeled using nonlinear beam-column elements which have the ability to consider the spread of plasticity along the elements. The sections used for elements are fiber sections which are suitable for considering composite section of pile-grout-leg. Displacement controlled nonlinear static pushover analysis and cyclic loading analysis are conducted applying lateral load which its pattern is according to the predominant vibration modes. Three different configurations for lateral bracings are assumed and the behavior of the platform using these three bracing forms is investigated. The first configuration considered is the original bracing of the platform which is a combination of X and chevron braces; the second one is a case in that X braces were used in all of the bays of the jacket; and in the third form chevron braces are used for all of the bays. According to the push over and hysteresis curves, it is concluded that in the jacket modeled using X vertical braces, lateral load capacity, ductility, residual strength ratio and the absorbed energy in cyclic loadings are considerably more than the jackets which were modeled using a combination of chevron and X braces or just chevron braces. In comparison with the jacket modeled using only chevron braces, the jacket constructed using a combination of X and chevron bracings presents better lateral behavior and capacity.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME

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