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Reduction of Flow Induced Vibration in Hard Disk Drive

[+] Author Affiliations
J. Q. Mou, Q. D. Zhang, K. Sundaravadivelu, N. Y. Liu, E. H. Ong

Data Storage Institute, Singapore

Paper No. IMECE2010-37649, pp. 27-35; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2010-37649
From:
  • ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 13: Sound, Vibration and Design
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, November 12–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4450-2
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

In this paper, system level analysis is carried out for a functional HDD with two disks and four sliders operating at spindle speed of 15000 rpm. Full numerical models both for computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis and structural Finite Element Analysis (FEA) are developed. The flow induced vibrations of the sliders in all three directions, namely, off-track (X), down-track (Y) and out-of-plane direction (Z) are examined respectively. The numerical simulation results are compared and validated with the experimental results measured with a 3D laser Doppler vibrometer (LDV). Good agreements are observed for the vibrations in the three directions. The airflow patterns and characteristics of the flow induced vibration in HDD for three critical positions of the head gimbal assembly (HGA) parked at the disks identified as ID, MD and OD are investigated. The results reveal that the first slider from top has the highest flow induced vibrations in all the three directions due to the higher turbulent flow close to the top disk surface. Moreover, the results indicate that the slider vibration is interacted with the disk flutter in the HDD. Optimal designs of the HDD disk and air shroud are carried out to reduce the flow induced vibration of the slider, by suppressing the disk flutter and improving the turbulent flow in the HDD. It is demonstrated that significant reduction of flow induced slider vibration could be achieved with the optimal designs of the HDD.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME

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