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Effects of Nonlinear Friction Wedge Damping on Freight Train Dynamics

[+] Author Affiliations
Leonardo B. Baruffaldi, Auteliano A. dos Santos, Jr.

University of Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brazil

Paper No. IMECE2010-38286, pp. 901-908; 8 pages
  • ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 11: New Developments in Simulation Methods and Software for Engineering Applications; Safety Engineering, Risk Analysis and Reliability Methods; Transportation Systems
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, November 12–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4448-9
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME


Engineers pay great attention to comfort and performance issues, which are related to passenger trains suspension systems. Complex active shock-absorbing devices are developed and modern simulation tools are employed to determine car body vibrations and ride behavior. Freight train suspensions, however, were not given the same focus, presenting the same basic design for about 70 years now. Recent increases in pay-loads and train lines speed, and growing pressures to decrease maintenance costs, are slowly changing this scenario in such a way that numerical simulation methods are being more and more used. Most commercially available simulation software used by train manufacturers to address full vehicle behavior treats the friction wedge — the main damping element in the three-piecetruck suspension — as a weightless unidirectional force element like springs and dampers, which connects the wheel frames to the bolster that supports carbody load. This paper uses an improved friction wedge model to emphasize the importance of considering nonlinear characteristics of friction damping to vertical and longitudinal dynamics of a freight truck wagon modeled with multi-body dynamics.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME



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