0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Material Optimization for Design Improvement of Crash Energy Absorbers

[+] Author Affiliations
Hesham Ibrahim

Military Technical College, Cairo, Egypt

Paper No. IMECE2010-40204, pp. 655-665; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2010-40204
From:
  • ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 11: New Developments in Simulation Methods and Software for Engineering Applications; Safety Engineering, Risk Analysis and Reliability Methods; Transportation Systems
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, November 12–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4448-9
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

Crash energy absorbers in the form of thin walled tubes play a significant role in mitigating the harmful effects of frontal vehicles accidents on occupants. Specific energy absorbed (SEA), which is the ratio of impact energy absorbed to mass, is usually used to evaluate the efficiency of crash energy absorbers. A good design of a crash energy absorber must maximize the amount of impact energy that can be absorbed with a certain weight. The formal approach that has been used to improve the design of crash energy absorbers is to employ optimization to search for the optimum thickness distribution that maximizes SEA. This approach can be conceptualized as searching the design space in only one dimension (thickness). In this paper, a new dimension is added to the design space (material type). The proposed approach considers the type of material as a variable. An optimum design is then found by not only searching for the optimum thickness distribution, but also by selecting the optimum material type. The approach is demonstrated to the design improvement of a crash energy absorber in the form of a thin walled tube of square cross section. Steel and magnesium have been used as the two material alternatives. Magnesium has been selected due to its low density that had made it a promising candidate for use as a structural material in the automobile manufacturing. The results have shown that following the proposed technique, SEA has been increased by 54% compared to the value obtained through following the formal design optimization approach.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME
Topics: Design , Optimization

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In