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Effect of High Pressure Post Injection on Soot and NO Trade-Off in a DI Diesel Engine

[+] Author Affiliations
Kamran Poorghasemi, Fathollah Ommi

Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

Vahid Esfahanian

University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

Paper No. IMECE2010-37013, pp. 533-546; 14 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2010-37013
From:
  • ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 11: New Developments in Simulation Methods and Software for Engineering Applications; Safety Engineering, Risk Analysis and Reliability Methods; Transportation Systems
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, November 12–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4448-9
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

In DI Diesel engines NO and Soot trade off is an important challenge for Engineers. In this paper, at first, multiple injection strategy will be introduced as a useful way to reduce both NO and Soot emissions simultaneously. Then the effect of injection pressure in post injection on the engine emissions will be studied. Investigations have been conducted on DI diesel engine. To evaluate the benefits of multiple injection strategies and to reveal combustion mechanism, modified three dimensional CFD code KIVA-3V was used. Results showed that using post injection with appropriate dwell between injection pulses can be effective in simultaneously reduction of emissions. Based on computation results, NO reduction formation mechanism is a single injection with retarded injection timing. It is shown that reduced soot formation is because of the fact that the soot producing rich regions at the fuel spray head are not replenished by new fuel when the injection is stopped and then restarted. Also increasing injection pressure in post injection will reduce the Soot emission dramatically while NO is in control and it is due to increasing fuel burning rate in post injection pulse.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME

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