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Effect of Entrance Position on Particle Dispersion in the Vortex Engine

[+] Author Affiliations
S. R. Dehghani

Persian Gulf University, Boushehr, Iran

M. H. Saidi, A. A. Mozafari, A. Ghafourian

Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

Paper No. IMECE2010-40147, pp. 1103-1110; 8 pages
  • ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 7: Fluid Flow, Heat Transfer and Thermal Systems, Parts A and B
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, November 12–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4444-1
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME


Particle dispersion in the vortex flow has been one of the most interesting subjects in recent years. Bidirectional vortex flow field is an industrial sample of the rotating flow which is used to obtain advantages of better mixing and combustion. In this work penetration and dispersion quality of the particles which are entering from various positions on the vortex engine walls have been numerically predicted. Head side, end side, and sidewall are considered as the entering positions. The particle has been assumed to be a rigid sphere. Initial velocity, diameter, and density of entering the particles are assumed to be known. If the particle length scale is considered not to be comparable with the chamber length and if the particle number density is low, then influence of the particle on the flow field is negligible and one-way solution is applicable. The solutions in each case are carried out for estimating the particle trajectory and their affecting parameters. Governing equation includes affecting forces on the particle and consequently the movement of particle and velocity. The governing equation is converted to a set of nonlinear, coupled, second order of ordinary differential equation (ODE), and solved by a numerical scheme. Results present axial and radial trajectory of the particles in the vortex engine from the point of entering position to the wall. They show that a high centrifugal force pushes the particles towards the sidewall. This pushing force becomes more powerful when the particles approach the chamber centerline. The results imply that the best injection arrangement in the vortex engine is not the head side. The sidewall and the end side composition arrangement of the injection can be the best.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME



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