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Analysis of Embedded Blade Root Carrot and T-Bolt Connections Subject to Cold Weather Conditions Using a Finite Element Model

[+] Author Affiliations
Patricio Lillo, Curran Crawford

University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada

Paper No. IMECE2010-37583, pp. 1035-1045; 11 pages
  • ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 5: Energy Systems Analysis, Thermodynamics and Sustainability; NanoEngineering for Energy; Engineering to Address Climate Change, Parts A and B
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, November 12–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4429-8
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME


Canada has aggressive targets for introducing wind energy across the country, but also faces challenges in achieving these goals due to the harsh Canadian climate. One issue which has received little attention in other countries not experiencing these extremes is the behavior of the composite blades in winter conditions. The scope of this work is to determine and analyze the static stresses on the blade root during operational conditions at extreme cold temperatures. The paper analyses the stresses in the root of the composite blades, specifically two blade-hub connection methods: embedded root carrots and T-bolts. Finite element models of the root are proposed to properly simulate boundary conditions, applied loading and thermal stresses for a 1.5 MW wind turbine. Finally, it is shown that the blade root is strongly affected by the thermal stresses caused by the mismatch and orthotrophy of the coefficients of thermal expansion of the blade root constituents.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME



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