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Comparative Performance of Cylindrical Solar Water Heating System With and Without a Reflective Surface

[+] Author Affiliations
N. V. Ogueke, E. E. Anyanwu

Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Imo, Nigeria

Paper No. IMECE2010-37494, pp. 1017-1033; 17 pages
  • ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 5: Energy Systems Analysis, Thermodynamics and Sustainability; NanoEngineering for Energy; Engineering to Address Climate Change, Parts A and B
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, November 12–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4429-8
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME


The comparative performance of a cylindrical solar water heating system with and without reflective surface is presented. The major components of the water heater are a transparent cylindrical PVC material acting as the glazing and a copper tube painted black for improved solar energy absorption. One of the systems has it’s under segment, about 45°, lined with an aluminium foil to act as a reflective surface. The two systems were tested under the meteorological condition of the Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria. Results obtained reveal a maximum exit water temperature from the solar water heater of 68 and 50°C for the reflective and non reflective surface conditions, respectively. The maximum efficiencies were determined as 70% and 40%, respectively for the reflective and non reflective surface conditions while the Hottel-Whillier-Bliss characterization showed that addition of the reflective surface improved the solar water heater’s ability to absorb energy by about 100% and reduced the rate at which it loses by up to 25%. Thus the system with a reflective surface has better capability of converting solar energy to heat for hot water generation.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME



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