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Correlation of Direct Evaporative Cooling Efficiency With Media Porosity

[+] Author Affiliations
James Walker, Shenguang Sheng, A. G. Agwu Nnanna, Lincang Li

Purdue University Calumet, Hammond, IN

Paper No. IMECE2010-39709, pp. 499-505; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2010-39709
From:
  • ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 5: Energy Systems Analysis, Thermodynamics and Sustainability; NanoEngineering for Energy; Engineering to Address Climate Change, Parts A and B
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, November 12–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4429-8
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

. Energy consumption of HVAC&R could be reduced by integrating evaporative cooling device into air conditioning systems. Direct Evaporative Cooling (DEC) are suited for climates where the air is hot and humidity is low. In DEC, heat is absorbed whenever water is evaporated and converted to water vapor. By passing through or around a wetted surface, heat is removed from the surrounding air in the vaporization of the water. The process approximates the adiabatic-saturation process and the path lies on a constant wet-bulb temperature which is a constant enthalpy line. The wetted surface area in direct evaporative cooling depends on porosity and absorptivity of the media. This paper evaluates the effect of media porosity on performance of a Direct Evaporative Cooling system. In this experimental work, the porosity is varied by changing the packing density and volume of media. The packing material allows air and water to come in direct contact. Holding all other variables like mass flow rates and inlet dry-bulb temperature constant, the effect Porosity on DEC performance is studied. The performance of DEC system is a function of porosity, dry- and wet-bulb temperatures and relative humidity. Efficiency increases with porosity.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME

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