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Effects of Impeller Blade Loading on Industrial Centrifugal Compressor Performance and Stability

[+] Author Affiliations
Min Ji, Michael Cave, Donghui Zhang

Solar Turbines Inc., San Diego, CA

Paper No. IMECE2010-40929, pp. 105-113; 9 pages
  • ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 5: Energy Systems Analysis, Thermodynamics and Sustainability; NanoEngineering for Energy; Engineering to Address Climate Change, Parts A and B
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, November 12–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4429-8
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME


Multistage centrifugal compressors are widely used in the oil and gas industry for various applications. As energy demand increases, the compressor has been challenged to have both high efficiency and broad operating range in order to minimize the life-cycle operation cost. Therefore much effort has been devoted to improve performance of the centrifugal impeller through various design methods. This paper highlights experiences gained in the development of three-dimensional impeller design in an effort combining different design methodologies and experimental investigations. In the present paper, a radial impeller in a medium specific speed range was designed through the conventional direct approach as the baseline. Then, it was redesigned with a different loading profile and a challenged loading magnitude by means of the inverse design method. To assess the two design approaches, the resulting two impellers were manufactured and tested in a closed-loop compressor test rig. The experimental investigation consists of both the performance test and detailed traverse test measuring the flow field downstream of the impeller. The paper presents the comparison of impeller performance and time-averaged data of the downstream flow field between the two impellers. Analysis of the test data illustrates the critical impact of the blade loading on the overall compressor performance and stability.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME



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