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An Update to the Merchant Orthogonal Force Diagram (MFD)

[+] Author Affiliations
Lewis N. Payton

Auburn University, Auburn, AL

Paper No. IMECE2010-40019, pp. 1007-1017; 11 pages
  • ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Design and Manufacturing, Parts A and B
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, November 12–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4427-4
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME


Metal cutting as a science remains more art than science. A truly predictive model for use in quantitative modeling has eluded researchers to date, leading the noted mathematician, R. Hill [1] to observe that “it is notorious that the extant theories of the mechanics of machining do not agree well with experiment”. Extensive experiments with a videographic quick stop device (VQSD) by the author indicate an extremely simple reason for these disagreements. A simple correction that is applicable to all of the classic orthogonal models of metal cutting is presented. A detailed application to the classic Merchant Force Diagram is presented.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME
Topics: Force



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