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Interfacial Improvement of Nanophased Jute-Based Green Composite by Surface Modification

[+] Author Affiliations
Mohammad K. Hossain, Mohammad W. Dewan, Muhammad E. Hossain, Mahesh Hosur, Shaik Jeelani

Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, AL

Paper No. IMECE2010-39365, pp. 885-892; 8 pages
  • ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Design and Manufacturing, Parts A and B
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, November 12–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4427-4
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME


The extensive research efforts are currently on progress all over the world to develop and characterize the green composites with high performance at an affordable cost due to the growing environmental awareness. Biodegradable nanophased jute composites were manufactured using chemically treated jute fabrics, Biopol, and nanoclay using compression molding techniques for this study. Nanoclay infusion into the thermoplastic is a challenging issue and was infused using solution intercalation technique. The surface modification of jute fibers was accomplished by performing subsequent chemical treatments such as detergent washing, dewaxing, alkali and acetic acid treatment. The morphology of the modified surface was studied using SEM and FTIR. Thermal performance of the treated fibers was studied using the TGA. The thermal, dynamic mechanical and mechanical properties of biodegradable nanophased jute composites were evaluated by TGA, DMA and flexure test respectively. Enhanced thermal and mechanical properties were observed in modified and nanophased jute biopol composites.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME



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