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Application of Digital Imaging Techniques in Detection of Defects in Thin Plywood

[+] Author Affiliations
Masoud Mojtahed

Purdue University Calumet, Hammond, IN

Joslin Mourillon

Morcom N. V., Inc., Chicago, IL

Adam Riley

ArcelorMittal Steel, Burns Harbor, IN

Paper No. IMECE2010-39313, pp. 473-479; 7 pages
  • ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Design and Manufacturing, Parts A and B
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, November 12–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4427-4
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME


The detection of flaws and cavities in thin plywood boards saves money for manufactures of a variety of products. Flaws in the boundaries of pieces cut from plywood makes them useless. Therefore, it is essential to detect and locate knots and flaws in plywood boards before the cutting process. A detection and locating system was developed to detect knots and cavities in thin plywood boards using Digital Image Processing and light enhancement methods. The system comprises of three major components: a light source, a digital camera and a computer. The intense light source is used to brighten and reveal flaws and defects in the plywood board in an apparatus. The digital camera captures a digitized picture of the lighted board and stores it on the computer. Finally, a program written in Matlab™ code analyzes the captured image of the board, compares it to a template, and indicates whether flaws are located on the template’s cut lines. The advantage of using these methods is that it allows for the examination and analysis of the plywood without compromising its integrity. When a flaw is detected, the system repositions the plywood image in search of finding an orientation that will allow all defects to avoid cut lines. The process is repeated against several templates until the correct match is found. Once the match and usable orientation is found, a prompt will appear on the computer screen telling the system operator the template name and the orientation of the plywood board.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME



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