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Development of a High-Speed On-Off Valve for Switch-Mode Control of Hydraulic Circuits With Four-Quadrant Control

[+] Author Affiliations
Jeslin J. Wu, James D. Van de Ven

Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA

Paper No. IMECE2010-37380, pp. 281-288; 8 pages
  • ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 3: Design and Manufacturing, Parts A and B
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, November 12–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4427-4
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME


Hydraulic circuits are typically controlled by throttling valves or variable displacement pump/motors. The first method throttles fluid for a desired pressure output and excess energy is lost through heat. While variable displacement pumps are more efficient, they are often large and expensive. An alternate method is the switch-mode control of hydraulic circuits through high-speed on-off valves. The proposed on-off valve design makes use of a continuously rotating disc to modulate flow between on and off states; the average power output or pulse duration is determined by the relative phase shift between the input and output ports. The addition of a directional valve to the the high-speed three-way valve allows any fixed displacement actuator to behave like a virtually variable displacement unit that is capable of four-quadrant control. In this paper a mathematical model focusing on the throttling, compressibility, internal leakage and viscous friction losses is developed and utilized to optimize the valve design for highest efficiency.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME
Topics: Valves , Circuits , Switches



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