Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Effects of Starch Volume Expanders on Blood Viscosity and Vascular Endothelial Markers

[+] Author Affiliations
Andrew M. Walker, Kogan Lee, Kristina D. Rinker, Robert D. Shepherd, Gary M. Dobson, Clifton R. Johnston

University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada

Paper No. IMECE2010-40628, pp. 253-261; 9 pages
  • ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 2: Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, November 12–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4426-7
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME


The intravenous fluid of choice for acute blood volume replacement remains controversial. We focus here on the two hydroxyethyl (HES) available in Canada: HES 130/0.40 (Voluven®) and HES 260/0.45 (Pentaspan®). Although information regarding their pharmacokinetic and risk/benefit profiles are available, how the infusion of these fluids could affect blood viscosity and vascular endothelial function in humans is largely unknown. Dynamic viscosity was measured at 21°C and 37°C through capillary viscometry. The HES solutions were driven through a closed flow loop at room temperature (21°C). Viscosity at 21°C was 7.62 centipoise (cP) for HES 260/0.45 and 2.73 cP for HES 130/0.40 decreasing to 4.23 cP for HES 260/0.45 and 1.72 cP for HES 130/0.40 at 37°C. Analysis of viscous behaviour through pipe flow found that HES 260/0.45 displayed marginal variations in viscosity suggesting Newtonian behaviour across our range of Re measured. HES 130/0.40 displayed an appreciable increase in viscosity at higher Re suggesting the presence of shear thickening behaviour. Human aortic endothelial cells (HAEC) and human microvascular endothelial cells (HMVEC) were exposed to the HES solutions and saline to identify chemical effects on vascular endothelium. Western blot quantification showed that E-selectin was the leukocyte adhesion receptor that was most strongly affected, and this was not dose dependent. Interestingly, HAEC and HMVEC had different responses to HES treatment, suggesting that different vascular tissues may have different outcomes to HES infusion. Protein expression in HMVEC decreased when exposed to both HES solutions.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME
Topics: Hemorheology



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In