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Experimental Testing of a Wind Tunnel Model for Use in a Vertical Axis Wind Turbine

[+] Author Affiliations
Chad C. Panther, Kenny A. Williams, Jay P. Wilhelm, James E. Smith

West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV

Paper No. IMECE2010-38816, pp. 153-161; 9 pages
  • ASME 2010 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Advances in Aerospace Technology
  • Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, November 12–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4425-0
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME


Experimental testing was performed on a circulation controlled airfoil with upper and lower trailing edge blowing slots, controlled by span wise pneumatic valves. The augmented blade was designed for application to a circulation controlled vertical axis wind turbine. The design is based upon a conventional NACA0018 shape, replacing the sharp trailing edge with a rounded Coanda surface and blowing slots. A scale model with a chord of 8 inches and span of 16.5 inches was created using an ABS plastic rapid prototyping machine. In the past, circulation control wind tunnel models have been constructed with a separate blowing slot and trailing edge using conventional machining methods. The slot must be tediously aligned along the span for a consistent height which ultimately affects the uniformity and performance of the circulation control jet in combination with the flow rate. The rapid prototyping machine eased fabrication as a modular trailing edge section was printed which includes the Coanda surface, blowing slot, and diffuser all in one piece. Pressure taps were integrated by the prototyping machine into both the printed skin and trailing edge module. This method left additional space inside the model for circulation control valving components and eliminated the need for machining pressure ports. This paper will outline the model building procedures, wind tunnel test rig, and experimental results. Aerodynamic forces were determined by both load cells and surface pressure measurements; the agreement between the two methods will be analyzed and addressed. Test conditions include various angles of attack (±20°) at Cμ = 0, 0.02, 0.06, and 0.10; the test Reynolds number was kept constant at 300K. The results indicate that the blade performed at ΔCl /Cμ near 30 for Cμ = 0.02.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME



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