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Evaluation of Fracture Toughness of X100 Pipe Steel Using SE(B) and Clamped SE(T) Single Specimens

[+] Author Affiliations
Dong-Yeob Park, William R. Tyson, James A. Gianetto, Guowu Shen, Robert S. Eagleson

CANMET-Materials Technology Laboratory, Ottawa, ON, Canada

Paper No. IPC2010-31282, pp. 101-108; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/IPC2010-31282
From:
  • 2010 8th International Pipeline Conference
  • 2010 8th International Pipeline Conference, Volume 4
  • Calgary, Alberta, Canada, September 27–October 1, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Petroleum Technology Institute and the Pipeline Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4423-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3885-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada

abstract

J-resistance testing using a single-specimen unloading compliance technique has been performed on single-edge-notched tension (SE(T)) specimens of X100 pipe steel base material at room temperature and at −20°C, using a procedure developed at CANMET. J-resistance testing using single-edge-notched bend (SE(B)) specimens according to ASTM E1820 was also conducted for comparison. The specimens included two nominal through-thickness pre-crack aspect ratios (a/W = 0.25 and 0.5). The results show that shallow-cracked (a/W∼0.25) bend and tension specimens produce higher resistance curves than deeply-cracked (a/W∼0.5) specimens; ductile propagation was observed at both temperatures. Resistance curves are slightly higher at −20°C than at room temperature for both bending and tension, especially for shallow-cracked specimens. Crack length predicted from unloading compliance of crack mouth opening displacement for the SE(T) specimens was validated by optical measurement of initial crack length (ao ) and final crack extension (Δa>1.0 mm) after heat-tinting, as per ASTM E1820. Predicted crack growths show acceptable agreement with measured values in all cases. The effect of side-groove depth on the resistance curve and straightness of the crack front was briefly investigated. For both bending and tension, resistance curves for 10% (total) side-grooved specimens were close to those from plain-sided specimens when other testing conditions, such as precrack and testing temperature, were the same, whereas 20% (total) side-grooved specimens showed lower toughness. It was occasionally observed that the crack grew faster at the side for 20% side-grooved bend and tension specimens, resulting in a crack front of concave curvature. For 10% side-grooved specimens a rather straight crack front or slightly faster crack growth in the middle of the specimen (convex curvature) was observed.

Copyright © 2010 by Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada

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