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Multi-Objective Optimization of Natural Gas Compression Power Train With Genetic Algorithms

[+] Author Affiliations
A. Hawryluk, K. K. Botros

NOVA Research & Technology Center, Calgary, AB, Canada

H. Golshan, B. Huynh

TransCanada PipeLines Limited, Calgary, AB, Canada

Paper No. IPC2010-31017, pp. 421-435; 15 pages
doi:10.1115/IPC2010-31017
From:
  • 2010 8th International Pipeline Conference
  • 2010 8th International Pipeline Conference, Volume 3
  • Calgary, Alberta, Canada, September 27–October 1, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: International Petroleum Technology Institute and the Pipeline Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4422-9 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3885-3
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

Multi-objective optimizations were conducted for a compressor station comprising two dissimilar compressor units driven by two dissimilar gas turbines, two coolers of different size, and two parallel pipeline sections to the next station. Genetic Algorithms were used in this optimization along with detailed models of the performance characteristics of gas turbines, compressors, aerial coolers, and downstream pipeline section. Essential in these models is the heat transfer between the gas and soil as it affects the pressure drop along the pipeline, and hence relates back to the coolers and compressor flow/pressure settings. Further investigative techniques were developed to refine the methodology as well as to minimize the downstream gas temperature at the suction of the next station. Current operating conditions at the station were compared to the optimized settings, showing that there is room for improving the efficiency of operation (i.e. lower energy consumption) with minimum effort on the station control strategy. Two threshold throughput conditions were determined in so far as single vs. multi-unit operations due to the dissimilarity in the compressor units and associated gas turbine drivers. The results showed that savings in the energy consumption in the order of 5–6% is achievable with slight adjustment to unit load sharing and coolers by-pass/fan speed selections. It appears that most of the savings (around 70–75%) are derived from optimizing the load sharing between the two parallel compressors, while the balance of the savings is realized from optimizing the aerial coolers settings. In particular, operating the aerial coolers at 50% fan speed (if permitted) could lead to substantial savings in electric energy consumption in some cases.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME

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