0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Anisotropic Bistable Electroactive Polymers: Large Strain Actuation of Shape Memory Polymers

[+] Author Affiliations
Seyul Son

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA

N. C. Goulbourne

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI

Paper No. SMASIS2010-3891, pp. 343-350; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/SMASIS2010-3891
From:
  • ASME 2010 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems
  • ASME 2010 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1
  • Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, September 28–October 1, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: Aerospace Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4415-1 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3886-0
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

In this paper, constitutive equations to model the electromechanical behavior of shape memory polymers (SMPs) are introduced for the first time. SMPs are unique material that can be transformed into complicated shapes and recover their original shapes even under large deformations [1]. Above their transition temperature, elastic modulus decreases and they can be easily deformed by mechanical or electrical input. Advantage of this behavior is returning to the deformed shape utilizing a triggering temperature without any applied forces. This can be used to actuate the electroactive polymer to restore the deformed shape without applying an electric field [2]. Therefore in this paper, the equibiaxial extension of two different SMPs (PTBA (poly(tert-butylacrylate)) [2] and Sylgard (Sylgard 184)/PCL (poly(ε-caprolactone)) composite [3]) is simulated numerically to demonstrate the electromechanical behavior with respect to mechanical and electromechanical inputs. For simplification, the response of the SMP above the transition temperature is considered, so that material properties are constant and not a function of temperature. The SMPs are considered a fiber-reinforced membrane with two families of fibers, which enable to tune the material properties of SMPs [3]. To describe the constitutive relation of the SMPs, Mooney-Rivlin and Ogden model for isotropic SMPs, as well as Gasser et al model [4] for anisotropic SMPs, are applied. In the numerical computations, the isotropic and anisotropic electromechanical response of PTBA and Sylgard/PCL composite are presented. PTBA shows larger electromechanical effect in the range of stretch 1.5–2.5. Additionally, the effects of the fiber stiffness, angle, and dispersion on the deformation of the SMPs are observed. According to the result, the fiber stiffness can significantly affect on the electromechanical response and fiber angle and dispersion can influence the anisotropic deformation.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In