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Design of a Vibration-Based Energy Harvester With Adjustable Natural Frequency

[+] Author Affiliations
Mohamed O. Mansour, Said M. Megahed

Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt

Mustafa H. Arafa

American University in Cairo, Cairo, Egypt

Paper No. DETC2010-28429, pp. 661-667; 7 pages
  • ASME 2010 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 4: 12th International Conference on Advanced Vehicle and Tire Technologies; 4th International Conference on Micro- and Nanosystems
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, August 15–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division and Computers in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4412-0 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3881-5
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME


The recent years have witnessed a wealth of research on energy harvesting technologies. To maximize the output power, vibration-based energy harvesters are normally designed to have natural frequencies that match those of the excitation. This has spurred interest into the design of devices that possess tunable natural frequencies to cope with sources which exhibit varying frequencies. In this work, an energy harvester is proposed in the form of a base excited cantilever treated with a piezoelectric layer. The cantilever carries a tip mass in the form of a magnet which is placed in close proximity to another magnet with opposite polarity. Different values of axial tensions, and hence different natural frequencies, are obtained by adjusting the gap between the magnets. A dynamic model to predict the system performance is presented and verified experimentally. Based on the findings of this paper, natural frequencies ranging from 3.19–12 Hz were achieved.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME
Topics: Design , Vibration



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