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Beam Constraint Model: A Non-Linear Strain Energy Formulation for Generalized Two-Dimensional Beam Flexures

[+] Author Affiliations
Shorya Awtar, Shiladitya Sen

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI

Paper No. DETC2010-28184, pp. 375-386; 12 pages
  • ASME 2010 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 2: 34th Annual Mechanisms and Robotics Conference, Parts A and B
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, August 15–18, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division and Computers in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4410-6 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3881-5
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME


In the past, we have introduced the Beam Constraint Model (BCM), which captures pertinent non-linearities to predict the constraint characteristics of a generalized beam flexure in terms of its stiffness and error motions. In this paper, a non-linear strain energy formulation for the beam flexure, consistent with the transverse-direction load-displacement and axial-direction geometric constraint relations in the BCM, is presented. An explicit strain energy expression, in terms of beam end-displacements, that accommodates generalized loading conditions, boundary conditions, initial curvature, and beam shape is derived. Using the Principle of Virtual Work, this strain energy expression for a generalized beam is employed in determining the load-displacement relations, and therefore constraint characteristics, for flexure mechanisms comprising multiple beams. The benefit of this approach is evident in its mathematical efficiency and succinctness, which is to be expected with the use of energy methods. All analytical results are validated to a high degree of accuracy via non-linear Finite Element Analysis. Furthermore, the proposed energy formulation leads to new insights into the nature of the BCM.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME



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