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Ripple Current Effects on PEMFC Ageing Test by Experimental and Modeling

[+] Author Affiliations
Mathias Gerard

CEA Grenoble, Grenoble; University of Franche-Comte, Belfort, France

Jean-Philippe Poirot-Crouvezier

CEA Grenoble, Grenoble, France

Daniel Hissel, Marie-Cecile Péra

University of Franche-Comte, Belfort, France

Paper No. FuelCell2010-33174, pp. 601-607; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/FuelCell2010-33174
From:
  • ASME 2010 8th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
  • ASME 2010 8th International Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology Conference: Volume 1
  • Brooklyn, New York, USA, June 14–16, 2010
  • Conference Sponsors: Advanced Energy Systems Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4404-5 | eISBN: 978-0-7918-3875-4
  • Copyright © 2010 by ASME

abstract

PEMFCs’ systems usually require power conditioning by a DC/DC boost converter to increase the output fuel cell voltage, especially for automotive applications and stationary applications. The output fuel cell current is then submitted to the high frequency switching leading to a current ripple. The ripple current effects on fuel cell are studied by experimental ripple current ageing test on a 5 cell stack (MEA surface of 220 cm2 ) and compare to a reference ageing test. The stack is run in nominal conditions but an AC component is added to the DC current load. The AC component is a 5 kHz triangle which amplitude is ±20% of the DC component in order to simulate a boost waveform. Fuel cell characterizations (polarization curves, impedance spectra and voltammetry) provide information on the PEMFC ageing and the performance evolution. Local conditions are computed through a dynamic stack model. The model takes into account transport phenomena, heat transfer, and semi-empirical electrochemical reactions and includes a meshing to calculate local conditions on the MEA surface (gas reactant pressures, local temperature, gas molar fractions, water activity, and local electronic current density). The consequences about performance and ageing during high frequency ripple current are explained.

Copyright © 2010 by ASME

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